The Vitamin D Receptor
The Vitamin D Receptor

Among various other functions, the vitamin D receptor (VDR) is essential for metabolism and general homeostasis. Its damage in animals leads to calvicie and the loss of hair. In addition , the VDR plays a critical function in the postmorphogenic hair circuit and the dangerous calcium homeostasis. It is actually found in various cell types, including epithelial cells, dendritic cells, macrophages, and cuboid cells.

The VDR appears in the nucleus of a range of cells, and may even be important in the modulation of target gene expression in the nucleus. In addition , the VDR may add to the regulation of regional immune replies.

The VDR is found in a range of cell types, such as osteoclasts, neutrophils, keratinocytes, oligodendrocytes, epithelial cells, and immune cells. Additionally, it is expressed inside the intestines, kidneys, and parathyroid glands.

It is important to notice that the VDR has a caspase-3 site, which is associated with a phosphorylation method that may limit its activity. It is also believed that multiple intracellular signaling path ways are involved in modulating target gene reflection in the center.

The healthy proteins content belonging to the VDR continues to be examined in various cell types, including oligodendrocytes, primary glial cultures, and glioblastoma skin cells. The indivisible staining with respect to VDR provides recently been confirmed in primary glial cultures, and in secondary oligodendrocyte cultures.

The protein content of the VDR in individuals primary glioblastoma cells is 220-kDa. Nevertheless , the VDR-like protein exists only in a small subset of the cells.

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